Diabetes Education

 Ask yourself the following key questions:

  • Am I 45 years or older?
  • Am I overweight?
  • Do I have high blood pressure or cholesterol?
  • Do I have a family history of diabetes?
  • Am I African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native? (some   Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans are also at higher risk)-per CDC
  • Do I have a history of diabetes occurring during pregnancy?
  • Did I deliver a baby weighing more than 9 pounds?
  •  If you answered ‘yes’ to any of the above questions, then you should be screened.

Reduce your risk of pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes by doing the following:

  • Look for opportunities to move more during the day – for example: park further away at the grocery store
  • Exercise 30 minutes at least five times per week
  • Keep an ideal body weight, especially around your waist – see the chart below
  • Healthy weight loss if you are overweight or obese
  • Eat healthy meals that include grains, cereals, fresh fruit and vegetables, low-fat dairy, and lean meat
  • Reduce fat intake
  • Eat smaller food portions


  • The symptoms of diabetes can be different for each person.
  • Symptoms of high blood sugar levels include:
  • Feeling shaky
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Increased urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Hunger
  • Feeling tired
  • Blurred vision
  • Poor wound healing / frequent infections

Diagnosis                 Fasting (without food)              2 hours after eating
Normal                         Below 100 mg/dl                              Below 140 mg/dl
Pre-diabetes                100-125 mg/dl                                   140-199 mg/dl
Diabetes                       Above 125 mg/dl                               Above 199 mg/dl

The key is knowing and looking after your A, B, Cs. You’re A, B, Cs are the following:
A = A1C (3-month average blood sugar test)
B = Blood pressure
C = Cholesterol

There is a lot you can do to stay well and remain healthy with diabetes while at the same time reducing any complications. There are so many benefits to your health with this approach to diabetes.

Diabetes can affect all the blood vessels in the body which can cause harm to your:

  • Eyes
  • Bowels / Stomach
  • Brain
  • Nerves
  • Heart
  • Feet
  • Kidneys
  • Sexual organs

Healthy Height and Weight
healthy height and weight graphic chart